I love collecting resources for reading and studying torah, and I live on the internet. Here’s a selection of the best ones for learning to read torah. I haven’t collected resources specifically for Biblical Hebrew language learning, but probably will in the future since it’s something I’m working on personally.
Jews read the entire torah over and over again, switching to a new parsha on each shabbat. Everywhere around the world in services, people are reading the same text (or a selection of it) every week. Depending on your congregation, you will either read the full parsha (thus going over the entire book in a year), or the triennial cycle. The triennial cycle is a way to split the torah readings up into a more manageable length for individual readers or congregations while still keeping the time of year each parsha is read.
If you want to know where in the torah reading cycle we are, or what to read for a particular week, check hebcal’s torah readings page. On each individual weekly parsha page (eg: vayeshev) you will find direct links to Sefaria for each aliyah, and if there are special exceptions due to a holiday some years those will be listed also.
Sefaria is a collection of digitized Jewish texts in their original hebrew and in translation. It is by far my favorite tool for studying torah online. If you navigate to one of the books of the torah you want to study (eg: genesis), you can choose the chapter or parsha you want to look at. If you scroll down past those options and click the word versions, you can choose what Hebrew version and English (or other language) translation you’d like to browse. Once you’re browsing the text, you can click any given verse and link to it directly, like so: https://www.sefaria.org/Genesis.37.1?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en. If you’ve picked a particular version, the link should contain that information also. When you click on a verse, a sidebar will pop up containing references to that particular verse in other texts. You can ignore it or explore it. Some of the commentary is available in English (marked by EN on the right side of the category) but some is not.
If you select a single word in the hebrew text, the sidebar will become a dictionary lookup. Sometimes the specific word will be identified, but sometimes it’ll just tell you the root of the word, so it might be worth having a reference of common prefixes and suffixes nearby (mine is stored in my brain, unfortunately, so I can’t quickly share it). I like having an English translation displayed next to the hebrew and also using this feature; it allows me to understand context quickly and get a rudimentary idea of which hebrew word plays which part. If you have the dictionary panel up and would like to search, you do not need a hebrew keyboard installed on your computer; you can click the mini keyboard in the ’search dictionary’ box and click letter by letter with your mouse. This will bring up more dictonary entries than the select-the-word method.
If you want to change the layout of the text on the page, click the A/aleph button to bring up language settings, including text size and layout. Under vocalization, you should see three alephs: one with a trope mark and a vowel, one with a vowel, and one plain. I use this setting to practice reading torah. Trope marks are a guide to chanting/leyning torah, and also provide metatextual information about sentence structure and more.
If you want to learn which trope marks go with which sounds in order to leyn (read/chant) torah, I like http://learntrope.com/. This is the standard trope chanting I learned at my Conservative synagogue growing up for both Torah and Haftarah, and it’s the same you’ll hear in most synagogues across the US. I believe it is from ashkenazi tradition. I hope to someday learn additional trope chanting systems from other traditions, including those I hail from. Plenty of people on youtube have made similar content available, but I like the simple interactivity of learntrope.com, and the ease with which you can click on a single mark and have someone chant it.
In a torah scroll itself, there are neither vowel marks nor trope marks, and a particular calligraphy style is used for writing. A favorite browser-based tool for practicing in torah script is ORT’s navigating the Bible site. It is more difficult to navigate but it is all in there. Each page covers two or three verses of torah, and includes a version with and without trope marks and vowels as well as a sentence-by-sentence recording of someone chanting the torah reading and transliterated text. There is an app for iOS and android called PocketTorah which contains similar information in an easier-to-navigate format if you’re learning on a mobile device.
In the future I hope to add to this list with more resources for learning torah including those I use when writing a dvar, and either extend it or make a separate page for learning to leyn and study other texts such as haftarah and megilla. Feel free to get in touch if you have questions or resources!